Nature Reviews Microbiology contents February 2017 Volume 15 Number 2 pp 65-128

Nature Reviews Microbiology

February 2017 Volume 15 Number 2 Advertisement
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 Featured article:
Collateral damage: insights into bacterial mechanisms that predispose host cells to cancer
Aurélie Gagnaire, Bertrand Nadel, Didier Raoult, Jacques Neefjes & Jean-Pierre Gorvel

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Environmental Microbial Biofilms and Human Microbiomes: Drivers of Future Sustainability 

February 12-15, 2017 | Nanyang Executive Centre, Singapore

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Archaeal evolution: Evolutionary insights from the Vikings
p65 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2016.198
This study provides insights into the archaeal ancestor of eukaryotes and the primal stages of eukaryogenesis.


Symbiosis: New horizons for Wolbachia
p66 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2016.194
Two new studies provide insights into the close association between Wolbachia spp. and their hosts; one shows plant-mediated transmission and the other the bacterial origin of a new host sex chromosome.


Microbiome: Expanding through the microbiota
p66 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2016.199
This paper shows that the intestinal microbiota is required for normal expansion of the pancreatic β-cell population in zebrafish during early larval development.


Microbiome: Rhythm and bacteria
p67 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2016.192
This study shows that circadian changes in the gut microbiota influence host physiology in the intestine and the liver.



Bacterial physiology: Building a bacterial ribosome | Viral infection: Fine tuning HCV replication | Parasite biology: Busting out from the inside

You are where you live
Samuel E. Kidman & Josephine M. Bryant
p68 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2016.203
This month's Genome Watch discusses how whole-genome sequencing of bacteria from several body sites has provided insights into the spatial diversity of bacteria within patients.

Nuclear landscape of HIV-1 infection and integration
Marina Lusic & Robert F. Siliciano
p69 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2016.162
Entry into the nucleus and integration into the host cell are key steps during HIV-1 infection. In this Review, Lusic and Siliciano discuss viral and host factors that influence HIV-1 integration and how it can be targeted therapeutically.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF
Cellulosomes: bacterial nanomachines for dismantling plant polysaccharides
Lior Artzi, Edward A. Bayer & Sarah Moraïs
p83 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2016.164
Cellulosomes are sophisticated multicomponent complexes that are used by bacteria to degrade cellulose from plant cell walls. In this review, Artzi, Bayer and Morais explore the structural and functional diversity of cellulosomes and their applications; for example, in microbial biofuel production.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF
Candida albicans cell-type switching and functional plasticity in the mammalian host
Suzanne M. Noble, Brittany A. Gianetti & Jessica N. Witchley
p96 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2016.157
In this Review, Noble and colleagues discuss the characteristics of the classic cell types of Candida albicans — yeast, hyphae, pseudohyphae and chlamydospores — as well as newly identified yeast-like morphotypes, including grey and gastrointestinally induced transition (GUT) cell types, and highlight emerging knowledge about their associations with different host niches and propensities towards virulence versus commensalism.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF
Collateral damage: insights into bacterial mechanisms that predispose host cells to cancer
Aurélie Gagnaire, Bertrand Nadel, Didier Raoult, Jacques Neefjes & Jean-Pierre Gorvel
p109 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2016.171
In addition to viruses, bacteria such as Helicobacter pylori and Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhi have been linked to cancer development. Progress has been made in our understanding of how bacterial effectors contribute to cancer directly by influencing host cell signalling pathways and indirectly by causing tissue damage and inflammatory responses.
Abstract | Full Text | PDF
Corrigendum: A new view into prokaryotic cell biology from electron cryotomography
Catherine M. Oikonomou & Grant J. Jensen
p128 | doi:10.1038/nrmicro.2016.195
Full Text | PDF
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