2017/02/07

Scientific Reports Physics Table of Contents e-alert: 07 February 2017

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  07 February 2017   
 
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Welcome to your Table of Contents e-alert for Scientific Reports

 
 
 
Physical Sciences
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Corrigendum: Fabrication of Ultrafine Soft-Matter Arrays by Selective Contact Thermochemical Reaction

 
 

X. Cai, Yue Wang, Xiaowei Wang et al.

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Lead-free piezoelectrics: V3+ to V5+ ion conversion promoting the performances of V-doped Zinc Oxide

 
 

M. Laurenti, M. Castellino, D. Perrone et al.

 
 

Vanadium doped ZnO (VZO) thin films were grown by RF magnetron sputtering, starting from a ZnO:V ceramic target. The crystal structure, chemical composition, electric and …

 
 
 
 
 
 

New insights into the electrochemical behavior of acid orange 7: Convergent paired electrochemical synthesis of new aminonaphthol derivatives

 
 

Shima Momeni, Davood Nematollahi

 
 

Electrochemical behavior of acid orange 7 has been exhaustively studied in aqueous solutions with different pH values, using cyclic voltammetry and constant current coulometry. …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Interplay between the static ordering and dynamical heterogeneities determining the dynamics of rotation and ordinary liquid phases in 1,6-anhydro-β-D-glucose

 
 

O. Madejczyk, K. Kaminski, E. Kaminska et al.

 
 

In this letter, we reported thorough the structural and molecular dynamics studies on 1,6-anhydro-β-D-glucose, the second compound reported so far that is capable to form rotator …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Schottky barrier at graphene/metal oxide interfaces: insight from first-principles calculations

 
 

Kai Cheng, Nannan Han, Yan Su et al.

 
 

Anode materials play an important role in determining the performance of lithium ion batteries. In experiment, graphene (GR)/metal oxide (MO) composites possess excellent …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Terahertz imaging for early screening of diabetic foot syndrome: A proof of concept

 
 

G. G. Hernandez-Cardoso, S. C. Rojas-Landeros, M. Alfaro-Gomez et al.

 
 

Most people with diabetes suffer some deterioration of the feet. Diabetic foot syndrome causes ulceration in about 15% of cases and such deterioration leads to amputation in …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Insight into the Role of Surface Wettability in Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution Reactions Using Light-Sensitive Nanotubular TiO2 Supported Pt Electrodes

 
 

Chenhui Meng, Bing Wang, Ziyue Gao et al.

 
 

Surface wettability is of importance for electrochemical reactions. Herein, its role in electrochemical hydrogen evolution reactions is investigated using light-sensitive …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Photons, phonons, and plasmons with orbital angular momentum in plasmas

 
 

Qiang Chen, Hong Qin, Jian Liu

 
 

Exact eigen modes with orbital angular momentum (OAM) in the complex media of unmagnetized homogeneous plasmas are studied. Three exact eigen modes with OAM are derived, i.e., …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Dissociation and Ionization of Quasi-Periodically Vibrating H2+ in Intense Few-Cycle Mid-Infrared Laser Fields

 
 

Shicheng Jiang, Chao Yu, Guanglu Yuan et al.

 
 

Using quantum mechanics calculations, we theoretically study the dissociation and ionization dynamics of the hydrogen-molecule ion in strong laser fields. Having prepared the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Angle-independent pH-sensitive composites with natural gyroid structure

 
 

Ruiyang Xue, Wang Zhang, Peng Sun et al.

 
 

pH sensor is an important and practical device with a wide application in environmental protection field and biomedical industries. An efficient way to enhance the practicability …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Black TiO2 nanobelts/g-C3N4 nanosheets Laminated Heterojunctions with Efficient Visible-Light-Driven Photocatalytic Performance

 
 

Liyan Shen, Zipeng Xing, Jinlong Zou et al.

 
 

Black TiO2 nanobelts/g-C3N4 nanosheets laminated heterojunctions (b-TiO2/g-C3N4) as visible-light-driven photocatalysts are fabricated through a simple hydrothermal-calcination …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Enhanced performance of sulfur-infiltrated bimodal mesoporous carbon foam by chemical solution deposition as cathode materials for lithium sulfur batteries

 
 

Tae-Gyung Jeong, Jinyong Chun, Byung-Won Cho et al.

 
 

The porous carbon matrix is widely recognized to be a promising sulfur reservoir to improve the cycle life by suppressing the polysulfide dissolution in lithium sulfur batteries …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Characteristics, chemical compositions and biological activities of propolis from Al-Bahah, Saudi Arabia

 
 

Yasser A. Elnakady, Ahmed I. Rushdi, Raimo Franke et al.

 
 

Propolis has been used to treat several diseases since ancient times, and is an important source of bioactive natural compounds and drug derivatives. These properties have kept …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Material-assisted metamaterial: a new dimension to create functional metamaterial

 
 

Wei-Yi Tsai, Chih-Ming Wang, Ching-Fu Chen et al.

 
 

A high Q-value reflective type metasurface consisting of 1D Au nanorods, a SiO2 spacer and a Au back reflector is demonstrated. It is shown that the sideband of the resonant mode …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Structural and magnetic properties of core-shell Au/Fe3O4 nanoparticles

 
 

L. León Félix, J. A. H. Coaquira, M. A. R. Martínez et al.

 
 

We present a systematic study of core-shell Au/Fe3O4 nanoparticles produced by thermal decomposition under mild conditions. The morphology and crystal structure of the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Magnetic Lifshitz transition and its consequences in multi-band iron-based superconductors

 
 

Andrzej Ptok, Konrad J. Kapcia, Agnieszka Cichy et al.

 
 

In this paper we address Lifshitz transition induced by applied external magnetic field in a case of iron-based superconductors, in which a difference between the Fermi level and …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Turbulent chimeras in large semiconductor laser arrays

 
 

J. Shena, J. Hizanidis, V. Kovanis et al.

 
 

Semiconductor laser arrays have been investigated experimentally and theoretically from the viewpoint of temporal and spatial coherence for the past forty years. In this work, we …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Two-dimensional Talbot self-imaging via Electromagnetically induced lattice

 
 

Feng Wen, Wei Wang, Irfan Ahmed et al.

 
 

We propose a lensless optical method for imaging two-dimensional ultra-cold atoms (or molecules) in which the image can be non-locally observed by coincidence recording of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Entropy exchange for infinite-dimensional systems

 
 

Zhoubo Duan, Jinchuan Hou

 
 

In this paper the entropy exchange for channels and states in infinite-dimensional systems are defined and studied. It is shown that, this entropy exchange depends only on the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Electromagnetic Tunneling and Resonances in Pseudochiral Omega Slabs

 
 

Faroq Razzaz, Majeed A. S. Alkanhal

 
 

This paper presents theoretical investigation of the electromagnetic wave tunneling and anomalous transmission around the trapped modes in a pseudochiral omega slab. The …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Anodically Grown Titania Nanotube Induced Cytotoxicity has Genotoxic Origins

 
 

M. Sheikh Mohamed, Aida Torabi, Maggie Paulose et al.

 
 

Nanoarchitectures of titania (TiO2) have been widely investigated for a number of medical applications including implants and drug delivery. Although titania is extensively used …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Bet-hedging in bacteriocin producing Escherichia coli populations: the single cell perspective

 
 

Bihter Bayramoglu, David Toubiana, Simon van Vliet et al.

 
 

Production of public goods in biological systems is often a collaborative effort that may be detrimental to the producers. It is therefore sustainable only if a small fraction of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Light-sheet fluorescence imaging to localize cardiac lineage and protein distribution

 
 

Yichen Ding, Juhyun Lee, Jianguo Ma et al.

 
 

Light-sheet fluorescence microscopy (LSFM) serves to advance developmental research and regenerative medicine. Coupled with the paralleled advances in fluorescence-friendly …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Failure and recovery in dynamical networks

 
 

L. Böttcher, M. Luković, J. Nagler et al.

 
 

Failure, damage spread and recovery crucially underlie many spatially embedded networked systems ranging from transportation structures to the human body. Here we study the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Ag/Au/Polypyrrole Core-shell Nanowire Network for Transparent, Stretchable and Flexible Supercapacitor in Wearable Energy Devices

 
 

Hyunjin Moon, Habeom Lee, Jinhyeong Kwon et al.

 
 

Transparent and stretchable energy storage devices have attracted significant interest due to their potential to be applied to biocompatible and wearable electronics. …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Self-assemble nanoparticles based on polypeptides containing C-terminal luminescent Pt-cysteine complex

 
 

E. G. Vlakh, E. V. Grachova, D. D. Zhukovsky et al.

 
 

The growing attention to the luminescent nanocarriers is strongly stimulated by their potential application as drug delivery systems and by the necessity to monitor their …

 
 
 
 
 
 

First On-Site True Gamma-Ray Imaging-Spectroscopy of Contamination near Fukushima Plant

 
 

Dai Tomono, Tetsuya Mizumoto, Atsushi Takada et al.

 
 

We have developed an Electron Tracking Compton Camera (ETCC), which provides a well-defined Point Spread Function (PSF) by reconstructing a direction of each gamma as a point and …

 
 
 
 
 
 

A high performance lithium ion capacitor achieved by the integration of a Sn-C anode and a biomass-derived microporous activated carbon cathode

 
 

Fei Sun, Jihui Gao, Yuwen Zhu et al.

 
 

Hybridizing battery and capacitor materials to construct lithium ion capacitors (LICs) has been regarded as a promising avenue to bridge the gap between high-energy lithium ion …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Design of Nano Screw Pump for Water Transport and its Mechanisms

 
 

LiYa Wang, HengAn Wu, FengChao Wang

 
 

Nanopumps conducting fluids through nanochannels have attracted considerable interest for their potential applications in nanofiltration, water desalination and drug delivery. …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Thermal conductance of Nb thin films at sub-kelvin temperatures

 
 

A. V. Feshchenko, O.-P. Saira, J. T. Peltonen et al.

 
 

We determine the thermal conductance of thin niobium (Nb) wires on a silica substrate in the temperature range of 0.1–0.6 K using electron thermometry based on normal …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Synergistic effect of Indium and Gallium co-doping on growth behavior and physical properties of hydrothermally grown ZnO nanorods

 
 

Jun Hyung Lim, Seung Muk Lee, Hyun-Suk Kim et al.

 
 

We synthesized ZnO nanorods (NRs) using simple hydrothermal method, with the simultaneous incorporation of gallium (Ga) and indium (In), in addition, investigated the co-doping …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Revisiting metallization boundary of warm dense helium in a wide ρ-T regime from ab initio study

 
 

Wei Zhang, Zhiguo Li, Zhijian Fu et al.

 
 

The knowledge of the metallization of warm dense helium has important implications for understanding the thermal histories, stellar structure and magnetic field environment of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Sintering-Resistant Nanoparticles in Wide-Mouthed Compartments for Sustained Catalytic Performance

 
 

Jia Liu, Qingmin Ji, Tsubasa Imai et al.

 
 

Particle sintering is one of the most significant impediments to functional nanoparticles in many valuable applications especially catalysis. Herein, we report that …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Controlling thermal emission of phonon by magnetic metasurfaces

 
 

X. Zhang, H. Liu, Z. G. Zhang et al.

 
 

Our experiment shows that the thermal emission of phonon can be controlled by magnetic resonance (MR) mode in a metasurface (MTS). Through changing the structural parameter of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Multicomponent Droplet Evaporation on Chemical Micro-Patterned Surfaces

 
 

Minghao He, Dong Liao, Huihe Qiu

 
 

The evaporation and dynamics of a multicomponent droplet on a heated chemical patterned surface were presented. Comparing to the evaporation process of a multicomponent droplet …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Memory and betweenness preference in temporal networks induced from time series

 
 

Tongfeng Weng, Jie Zhang, Michael Small et al.

 
 

We construct temporal networks from time series via unfolding the temporal information into an additional topological dimension of the networks. Thus, we are able to introduce …

 
 
 
 
 
 

A seed-expanding method based on random walks for community detection in networks with ambiguous community structures

 
 

Yansen Su, Bangju Wang, Xingyi Zhang

 
 

Community detection has received a great deal of attention, since it could help to reveal the useful information hidden in complex networks. Although most previous …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Topological properties of a self-assembled electrical network via ab initio calculation

 
 

C. Stephenson, D. Lyon, A. Hübler

 
 

Interacting electrical conductors self-assemble to form tree like networks in the presence of applied voltages or currents. Experiments have shown that the degree distribution of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Evidence of Formation of Superdense Nonmagnetic Cobalt

 
 

Nasrin Banu, Surendra Singh, B. Satpati et al.

 
 

Because of the presence of 3d transition metals in the Earth’s core, magnetism of these materials in their dense phases has been a topic of great interest. Theory predicts a …

 
 
 
 
 
 

High-performance varistors simply by hot-dipping zinc oxide thin films in Pr6O11: Influence of temperature

 
 

Yang Wang, Zhijian Peng, Qi Wang et al.

 
 

High-performance ZnO-Pr6O11 thin-film varistors were fabricated simply by hot-dipping oxygen-deficient zinc oxide thin films in Pr6O11 powder. The films had a composition of ZnO

 
 
 
 
 
 

Effect of Different Titanium Surfaces on Maturation of Murine Bone Marrow-Derived Dendritic Cells

 
 

Xiaofei Zheng, Fengjuan Zhou, Yifei Gu et al.

 
 

Dendritic cells (DCs) play a pivotal role in the host response to implanted biomaterials. Osseointegration of titanium (Ti) implant is an immunological and inflammatory-driven …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Photothermal therapeutic application of gold nanorods-porphyrin-trastuzumab complexes in HER2-positive breast cancer

 
 

Xinmei Kang, Ximing Guo, Weiwei An et al.

 
 

Gold nanorods are effective photothermal agents in diagnosis and treatment of cancer due to their specific near-infrared laser absorption. However, tumor photothermal therapy by …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Establishment of Imaging Spectroscopy of Nuclear Gamma-Rays based on Geometrical Optics

 
 

Toru Tanimori, Yoshitaka Mizumura, Atsushi Takada et al.

 
 

Since the discovery of nuclear gamma-rays, its imaging has been limited to pseudo imaging, such as Compton Camera (CC) and coded mask. Pseudo imaging does not keep physical …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Order of magnitude enhancement of monolayer MoS2 photoluminescence due to near-field energy influx from nanocrystal films

 
 

Tianle Guo, Siddharth Sampat, Kehao Zhang et al.

 
 

Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) like MoS2 are promising candidates for various optoelectronic applications. The typical photoluminescence (PL) of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Understanding cancer complexome using networks, spectral graph theory and multilayer framework

 
 

Aparna Rai, Priodyuti Pradhan, Jyothi Nagraj et al.

 
 

Cancer complexome comprises a heterogeneous and multifactorial milieu that varies in cytology, physiology, signaling mechanisms and response to therapy. The combined framework of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Mapping the distribution of specific antibody interaction forces on individual red blood cells

 
 

Natasha Yeow, Rico F. Tabor, Gil Garnier

 
 

Current blood typing methods rely on the agglutination of red blood cells (RBCs) to macroscopically indicate a positive result. An indirect agglutination mechanism is required …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Multipath colourimetric assay for copper(II) ions utilizing MarR functionalized gold nanoparticles

 
 

Yulong Wang, Limin Wang, Zhenhe Su et al.

 
 

We use the multiple antibiotic resistance regulator (MarR), as a highly selective biorecognition elements in a multipath colourimetric sensing strategy for the fast detection of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Evolutionary clade affects resistance of Clostridium difficile spores to Cold Atmospheric Plasma

 
 

Mairéad Connor, Padrig B. Flynn, Derek J. Fairley et al.

 
 

Clostridium difficile is a spore forming bacterium and the leading cause of colitis and antibiotic associated diarrhoea in the developed world. Spores produced by C. difficile

 
 
 
 
 
 

Development of a nanocomposite ultrafiltration membrane based on polyphenylsulfone blended with graphene oxide

 
 

Arun Kumar Shukla, Javed Alam, Mansour Alhoshan et al.

 
 

In the present study, graphene oxide (GO) was incorporated as a nanoadditive into a polyphenylsulfone (PPSU) to develop a PPSU/GO nanocomposite membrane with enhanced antifouling …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Surface mediated cooperative interactions of drugs enhance mechanical forces for antibiotic action

 
 

Joseph W. Ndieyira, Joe Bailey, Samadhan B. Patil et al.

 
 

The alarming increase of pathogenic bacteria that are resistant to multiple antibiotics is now recognized as a major health issue fuelling demand for new drugs. Bacterial …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Boreal pollen contain ice-nucleating as well as ice-binding ‘antifreeze’ polysaccharides

 
 

Katharina Dreischmeier, Carsten Budke, Lars Wiehemeier et al.

 
 

Ice nucleation and growth is an important and widespread environmental process. Accordingly, nature has developed means to either promote or inhibit ice crystal formation, for …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Multi-Shell Nano-CarboScavengers for Petroleum Spill Remediation

 
 

Enrique A. Daza, Santosh K. Misra, John Scott et al.

 
 

Increasingly frequent petroleum contamination in water bodies continues to threaten our ecosystem, which lacks efficient and safe remediation tactics both on macro and …

 
 
 
 
 
 

An effective and novel pore sealing agent to enhance the corrosion resistance performance of Al coating in artificial ocean water

 
 

Han-Seung Lee, Jitendra Kumar Singh, Mohamed A. Ismail

 
 

A new technique was accepted to fill the porosity of Al coating applied by arc thermal spray process to enhance corrosion resistance performance in artificial ocean water. The …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Piezoelectric scattering limited mobility of hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites CH3NH3PbI3

 
 

Ying-Bo Lu, Xianghua Kong, Xiaobin Chen et al.

 
 

Carrier mobility is one of the most important parameters for semiconducting materials and their use in optoelectronic devices. Here we report a systematic first principles …

 
 
 
 
 
 

ISFET pH Sensitivity: Counter-Ions Play a Key Role

 
 

Kokab B. Parizi, Xiaoqing Xu, Ashish Pal et al.

 
 

The Field Effect sensors are broadly used for detecting various target analytes in chemical and biological solutions. We report the conditions under which the pH sensitivity of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Ballistic thermal transport in silicon nanowires

 
 

Jeremie Maire, Roman Anufriev, Masahiro Nomura

 
 

We have experimentally investigated the impact of dimensions and temperature on the thermal conductivity of silicon nanowires fabricated using a top-down approach. Both the width …

 
 
 
 
 
 

The Conductive Silver Nanowires Fabricated by Two-beam Laser Direct Writing on the Flexible Sheet

 
 

Gui-Cang He, Mei-Ling Zheng, Xian-Zi Dong et al.

 
 

Flexible electrically conductive nanowires are now a key component in the fields of flexible devices. The achievement of metal nanowire with good flexibility, conductivity, …

 
 
 
 
 
 

High Performance MgO-barrier Magnetic Tunnel Junctions for Flexible and Wearable Spintronic Applications

 
 

Jun-Yang Chen, Yong-Chang Lau, J. M. D. Coey et al.

 
 

The magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) using MgO barrier is one of most important building blocks for spintronic devices and has been widely utilized as miniaturized magentic …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Discovery of a very Lyman-α-luminous quasar at z = 6.62

 
 

Ekaterina Koptelova, Chorng-Yuan Hwang, Po-Chieh Yu et al.

 
 

Distant luminous quasars provide important information on the growth of the first supermassive black holes, their host galaxies and the epoch of reionization. The identification …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Occurrence of acrylamide carcinogen in Arabic coffee Qahwa, coffee and tea from Saudi Arabian market

 
 

Mohammad Rizwan Khan, Zeid Abdullah Alothman, Mu Naushad et al.

 
 

The present work describes the outcomes of the assessment on acrylamide contents in a number of thermally treated foods (Arabic coffee Qahwa, coffee and tea) obtained from the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Fermi level and bands offsets determination in insulating (Ga,Mn)N/GaN structures

 
 

L. Janicki, G. Kunert, M. Sawicki et al.

 
 

The Fermi level position in (Ga,Mn)N has been determined from the period-analysis of GaN-related Franz-Keldysh oscillation obtained by contactless electroreflectance in a series …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Facile Synthesis of Nanoporous Pt-Y alloy with Enhanced Electrocatalytic Activity and Durability

 
 

Rongjing Cui, Ling Mei, Guangjie Han et al.

 
 

Recently, Pt-Y alloy has displayed an excellent electrocatalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), and is regarded as a promising cathode catalyst for fuel cells. …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Tunable plasmon lensing in graphene-based structure exhibiting negative refraction

 
 

Shifeng Zhong, Yanxin Lu, Chao Li et al.

 
 

We propose a novel method to achieve tunable plasmon focusing in graphene/photonic-crystal hybrid structure exhibiting all-angle negative refraction at terahertz frequencies. A …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Thermal conductance of Teflon and Polyethylene: Insight from an atomistic, single-molecule level

 
 

Marius Buerkle, Yoshihiro Asai

 
 

The thermal transport properties of teflon (polytetrafluoroethylene) and its polyethylene counterparts are, while highly desirable and widely used, only superficially understood. …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Magnetic Fano resonances by design in symmetry broken THz meta-foils

 
 

Jianfeng Wu, Herbert O. Moser, Rujiang Li et al.

 
 

Magnetic Fano resonances in there-dimensional symmetry broken meta-foils at THz frequencies are theoretically and experimentally studied. Sharp Fano resonances occur due to the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Excitation Dependent Phosphorous Property and New Model of the Structured Green Luminescence in ZnO

 
 

Honggang Ye, Zhicheng Su, Fei Tang et al.

 
 

The copper induced green luminescence (GL) with two sets of fine structures in ZnO crystal has been found for several decades (i.e., R. Dingle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 23, 579 (1969)), …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Eumelanin broadband absorption develops from aggregation-modulated chromophore interactions under structural and redox control

 
 

Raffaella Micillo, Lucia Panzella, Mariagrazia Iacomino et al.

 
 

Eumelanins, the chief photoprotective pigments in man and mammals, owe their black color to an unusual broadband absorption spectrum whose origin is still a conundrum. Excitonic …

 
 
 
 
 
 

A novel semiconductor-based, fully incoherent amplified spontaneous emission light source for ghost imaging

 
 

Sébastien Hartmann, Wolfgang Elsäßer

 
 

Initially, ghost imaging (GI) was demonstrated with entangled light from parametric down conversion. Later, classical light sources were introduced with the development of …

 
 
 
 
 
 

The impact of variable commitment in the Naming Game on consensus formation

 
 

Xiang Niu, Casey Doyle, Gyorgy Korniss et al.

 
 

The Naming Game has proven to be an important model of opinion dynamics in complex networks. It is significantly enriched by the introduction of nodes committed to a single …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Creation of Pd/Al2O3 Catalyst by a Spray Process for Fixed Bed Reactors and Its Effective Removal of Aqueous Bromate

 
 

Yu Gao, Wuzhu Sun, Weiyi Yang et al.

 
 

Palladium nanoparticles were grown on sub-millimeter activated Al2O3 particle support by spraying H2PdCl4 solution evenly onto the support, followed with a thermal reduction …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Ultrahigh Charpy impact toughness (~450J) achieved in high strength ferrite/martensite laminated steels

 
 

Wenquan Cao, Mingda Zhang, Chongxiang Huang et al.

 
 

Strength and toughness are a couple of paradox as similar as strength-ductility trade-off in homogenous materials, body-centered-cubic steels in particular. Here we report a …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Dynamic-Sensitive centrality of nodes in temporal networks

 
 

Da-Wen Huang, Zu-Guo Yu

 
 

Locating influential nodes in temporal networks has attracted a lot of attention as data driven and diverse applications. Classic works either looked at analysing static networks …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Dynamics on networks: competition of temporal and topological correlations

 
 

Oriol Artime, José J. Ramasco, Maxi San Miguel

 
 

Links in many real-world networks activate and deactivate in correspondence to the sporadic interactions between the elements of the system. The activation patterns may be …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Cell-free measurements of brightness of fluorescently labeled antibodies

 
 

Haiying Zhou, George Tourkakis, Dennis Shi et al.

 
 

Validation of imaging contrast agents, such as fluorescently labeled imaging antibodies, has been recognized as a critical challenge in clinical and preclinical studies. As the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Rapid cell separation with minimal manipulation for autologous cell therapies

 
 

Alban J. Smith, Richard D. O’Rorke, Akshay Kale et al.

 
 

The ability to isolate specific, viable cell populations from mixed ensembles with minimal manipulation and within intra-operative time would provide significant advantages for …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Size-dependent cellular uptake mechanism and cytotoxicity toward calcium oxalate on Vero cells

 
 

Xin-Yuan Sun, Qiong-Zhi Gan, Jian-Ming Ouyang

 
 

Urinary crystals with various sizes are present in healthy individuals and patients with kidney stone; however, the cellular uptake mechanism of calcium oxalate of various sizes …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Multimodal optical analysis discriminates freshly extracted human sample of gliomas, metastases and meningiomas from their appropriate controls

 
 

Marc Zanello, Fanny Poulon, Johan Pallud et al.

 
 

Delineating tumor margins as accurately as possible is of primordial importance in surgical oncology: extent of resection is associated with survival but respect of healthy …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Discovering missing reactions of metabolic networks by using gene co-expression data

 
 

Zhaleh Hosseini, Sayed-Amir Marashi

 
 

Flux coupling analysis is a computational method which is able to explain co-expression of metabolic genes by analyzing the topological structure of a metabolic network. It has …

 
 
 
 
 
 

The evolution of conditional moral assessment in indirect reciprocity

 
 

Tatsuya Sasaki, Isamu Okada, Yutaka Nakai

 
 

Indirect reciprocity is a major mechanism in the maintenance of cooperation among unrelated individuals. Indirect reciprocity leads to conditional cooperation according to social …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Photodynamic therapy monitoring with optical coherence angiography

 
 

M. A. Sirotkina, L. A. Matveev, M. V. Shirmanova et al.

 
 

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising modern approach for cancer therapy with low normal tissue toxicity. This study was focused on a vascular-targeting Chlorine E6 mediated …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Photoacoustic Sounds from Meteors

 
 

Richard Spalding, John Tencer, William Sweatt et al.

 
 

Concurrent sound associated with very bright meteors manifests as popping, hissing, and faint rustling sounds occurring simultaneously with the arrival of light from meteors. …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Controlled doping by self-assembled dendrimer-like macromolecules

 
 

Haigang Wu, Bin Guan, Yingri Sun et al.

 
 

Doping via self-assembled macromolecules might offer a solution for developing single atom electronics by precisely placing individual dopants at arbitrary location to meet the …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Inkjet printed circuits based on ambipolar and p-type carbon nanotube thin-film transistors

 
 

Bongjun Kim, Michael L. Geier, Mark C. Hersam et al.

 
 

Ambipolar and p-type single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) thin-film transistors (TFTs) are reliably integrated into various complementary-like circuits on the same substrate by …

 
 
 
 
 
 

A VLBI experiment using a remote atomic clock via a coherent fibre link

 
 

Cecilia Clivati, Roberto Ambrosini, Thomas Artz et al.

 
 

We describe a VLBI experiment in which, for the first time, the clock reference is delivered from a National Metrology Institute to a radio telescope using a coherent fibre link …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Determination of blue-light-induced infrared absorption based on mode-matching efficiency in an optical parametric oscillator

 
 

Yajun Wang, Wenhai Yang, Zhixiu Li et al.

 
 

Non-classical squeezed states of light at a compatible atomic wavelength have a potential application in quantum information protocols for quantum states delaying or storaging. …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Photon-phonon Interaction in a Microfiber Induced by Optical and Electrostrictive Forces

 
 

Yun-chao Shi, Wei Luo, Fei Xu et al.

 
 

Stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) via electrostrictive force is a fundamental interaction between light and sound which limits the power in conventional optical fibers. The …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Efficient electrochemical remediation of microcystin-LR in tap water using designer TiO2@carbon electrodes

 
 

Germán Sanz Lobón, Alfonso Yepez, Luane Ferreira Garcia et al.

 
 

Microcystin-leucine arginine (MC-LR) is the most abundant and toxic secondary metabolite produced by freshwater cyanobacteria. This toxin has a high potential hazard health due …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Real-time micro-scale temperature imaging at low cost based on fluorescent intensity ratio

 
 

Jianghao Xiong, Mingshu Zhao, Xiaotian Han et al.

 
 

Real-time temperature imaging with high spatial resolution has been a challenging task but also one with wide potential applications. To achieve this task, temperature sensor is …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Programmability of Co-antidot lattices of optimized geometry

 
 

Tobias Schneider, Manuel Langer, Julia Alekhina et al.

 
 

Programmability of stable magnetization configurations in a magnetic device is a highly desirable feature for a variety of applications, such as in magneto-transport and …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Emergence of Persistent Infection due to Heterogeneity

 
 

Vidit Agrawal, Promit Moitra, Sudeshna Sinha

 
 

We explore the emergence of persistent infection in a closed region where the disease progression of the individuals is given by the SIRS model, with an individual becoming …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Wafer scale millimeter-wave integrated circuits based on epitaxial graphene in high data rate communication

 
 

Omid Habibpour, Zhongxia Simon He, Wlodek Strupinski et al.

 
 

In recent years, the demand for high data rate wireless communications has increased dramatically, which requires larger bandwidth to sustain multi-user accessibility and quality …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Exploration quantum steering, nonlocality and entanglement of two-qubit X-state in structured reservoirs

 
 

Wen-Yang Sun, Dong Wang, Jia-Dong Shi et al.

 
 

In this work, there are two parties, Alice on Earth and Bob on the satellite, which initially share an entangled state, and some open problems, which emerge during quantum …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Hydrogen-enabled microstructure and fatigue strength engineering of titanium alloys

 
 

James D. Paramore, Zhigang Zak Fang, Matthew Dunstan et al.

 
 

Traditionally, titanium alloys with satisfactory mechanical properties can only be produced via energy-intensive and costly wrought processes, while titanium alloys produced …

 
 
 
 
 
 

How the Relativistic Motion Affect Quantum Fisher Information and Bell Non-locality for Multipartite state

 
 

Chun Yu Huang, Wenchao Ma, Dong Wang et al.

 
 

In this work, the quantum fisher information (QFI) and Bell non-locality of a multipartite fermionic system are investigated. Unlike the currently existing research of QFI, we …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Enhanced Gas Sensing Properties of Spin-coated Na-doped ZnO Nanostructured Films

 
 

Mohamed A. Basyooni, Mohamed Shaban, Adel M. El Sayed

 
 

In this report, the structures, morphologies, optical, electrical and gas sensing properties of ZnO and ZnO: Na spin-coated films are studied. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Modulated scattering technique in the terahertz domain enabled by current actuated vanadium dioxide switches

 
 

W. A. Vitale, M. Tamagnone, N. Émond et al.

 
 

The modulated scattering technique is based on the use of reconfigurable electromagnetic scatterers, structures able to scatter and modulate an impinging electromagnetic field in …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Unraveling the cytotoxicity and metabolic pathways of binary natural deep eutectic solvent systems

 
 

Yves Paul Mbous, Maan Hayyan, Won Fen Wong et al.

 
 

In this study, the anticancer potential and cytotoxicity of natural deep eutectic solvents (NADESs) were assessed using HelaS3, PC3, A375, AGS, MCF-7, and WRL-68 hepatic cell …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Topological Characteristics of the Hong Kong Stock Market: A Test-based P-threshold Approach to Understanding Network Complexity

 
 

Ronghua Xu, Wing-Keung Wong, Guanrong Chen et al.

 
 

In this paper, we analyze the relationship among stock networks by focusing on the statistically reliable connectivity between financial time series, which accurately reflects …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Fractal model and Lattice Boltzmann Method for Characterization of Non-Darcy Flow in Rough Fractures

 
 

Yang Ju, Qingang Zhang, Jiangtao Zheng et al.

 
 

The irregular morphology of single rock fracture significantly influences subsurface fluid flow and gives rise to a complex and unsteady flow state that typically cannot be …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Thermo-Magneto-Electric Generator Arrays for Active Heat Recovery System

 
 

Jinsung Chun, Hyun-Cheol Song, Min-Gyu Kang et al.

 
 

Continued emphasis on development of thermal cooling systems is being placed that can cycle low grade heat. Examples include solar powered unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Intracellular Accumulation of Gold Nanoparticles Leads to Inhibition of Macropinocytosis to Reduce the Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress

 
 

Nuray Gunduz, Hakan Ceylan, Mustafa O. Guler et al.

 
 

Understanding the toxicity of nanomaterials remains largely limited to acute cellular response, i.e., short-term in vitro cell-death based assays, and analyses of tissue- and …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Impact of the use of an endorectal coil for 3 T prostate MRI on image quality and cancer detection rate

 
 

Josephin Gawlitza, Martin Reiss-Zimmermann, Gregor Thörmer et al.

 
 

This work aims to assess the impact of an additional endorectal coil on image quality and cancer detection rate within the same patients. At a single academic medical center, …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Automatic Marker-free Longitudinal Infrared Image Registration by Shape Context Based Matching and Competitive Winner-guided Optimal Corresponding

 
 

Chia-Yen Lee, Hao-Jen Wang, Jhih-Hao Lai et al.

 
 

Long-term comparisons of infrared image can facilitate the assessment of breast cancer tissue growth and early tumor detection, in which longitudinal infrared image registration …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Fast Bayesian inference of optical trap stiffness and particle diffusion

 
 

Sudipta Bera, Shuvojit Paul, Rajesh Singh et al.

 
 

Bayesian inference provides a principled way of estimating the parameters of a stochastic process that is observed discretely in time. The overdamped Brownian motion of a …

 
 
 
 
 
 

A portable luminescent thermometer based on green up-conversion emission of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped tellurite glass

 
 

Danilo Manzani, João Flávio da Silveira Petruci, Karina Nigoghossian et al.

 
 

The determination of temperature is essential in many applications in the biomedical, technological, and industrial fields. Optical thermometry appears to be an excellent …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Investigation on LiBH4-CaH2 composite and its potential for thermal energy storage

 
 

Yang Li, Ping Li, Xuanhui Qu

 
 

The LiBH4/CaH2 composite are firstly studied as Concentrating Solar Power Thermal Storage Material. The LiBH4/CaH2 composite according to the stoichiometric ratio are synthesized …

 
 
 
 
 
 

All-dielectric metasurface circular dichroism waveplate

 
 

Jingpei Hu, Xiaonan Zhao, Yu Lin et al.

 
 

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a high efficient circularly polarizing dichroism waveplate (CPDW) using a Si-based all-dielectric 2Dchiral metasurface. We demonstrate …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Erratum: Hearing the Shape of the Ising Model with a Programmable Superconducting-Flux Annealer

 
 

Walter Vinci, Klas Markström, Sergio Boixo et al.

 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

Mulifunctional Dendritic Emitter: Aggregation-Induced Emission Enhanced, Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescent Material for Solution-Processed Multilayered Organic Light-Emitting Diodes

 
 

Kenichi Matsuoka, Ken Albrecht, Kimihisa Yamamoto et al.

 
 

Thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) materials emerged as promising light sources in third generation organic light-emitting diodes (OLED). Much effort has been …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Beyond Slurry-Cast Supercapacitor Electrodes: PAN/MWNT Heteromat-Mediated Ultrahigh Capacitance Electrode Sheets

 
 

Jung Han Lee, Jeong A Kim, Ju-Myung Kim et al.

 
 

Supercapacitors (SCs) have garnered considerable attention as an appealing power source for forthcoming smart energy era. An ultimate challenge facing the SCs is the acquisition …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Deliberate Switching of Single Photochromic Triads

 
 

Johannes Maier, Martti Pärs, Tina Weller et al.

 
 

Photochromic molecules can be reversibly converted between two bistable conformations by light, and are considered as promising building blocks in novel macromolecular structures …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Large variation of magnetic properties of amorphous Fe–Zr thin films with Ar pressure during sputtering

 
 

Miri Kim, Nark-Eon Sung, Sang Ho Lim

 
 

A large change is observed in the magnetic properties of amorphous Fe–Zr thin films sputtered at different Ar pressures. The change depends on the composition of the alloys and …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Ciphertext-only attack on optical cryptosystem with spatially incoherent illumination: from the view of imaging through scattering medium

 
 

Meihua Liao, Wenqi He, Dajiang Lu et al.

 
 

Security analysis is important and necessary for a new cryptosystem. In this paper, we evaluate the security risk of the optical cryptosystem with spatially incoherent …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Photodetector based on Vernier-Enhanced Fabry-Perot Interferometers with a Photo-Thermal Coating

 
 

George Y. Chen, Xuan Wu, Xiaokong Liu et al.

 
 

We present a new type of fiber-coupled photodetector with a thermal-based optical sensor head, which enables it to operate even in the presence of strong electro-magnetic …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Controllable Nanotribological Properties of Graphene Nanosheets

 
 

Xingzhong Zeng, Yitian Peng, Haojie Lang et al.

 
 

Graphene as one type of well-known solid lubricants possesses different nanotribological properties, due to the varied surface and structural characteristics caused by different …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Polystyrene-based Hollow Microsphere Synthesized by γ-ray Irradiation-assisted Polymerization and Self-Assembly and Its Application in Detection of Ionizing Radiation

 
 

Wenhui Fan, Qing Li, Liang Hu et al.

 
 

To simply and multitudinously synthesize hollow microspheres in a pure system is important for relevant research and application. Here, a simple and novel one-pot synthetic …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Electrostatic-free piezoresponse force microscopy

 
 

Sungho Kim, Daehee Seol, Xiaoli Lu et al.

 
 

Contact and non-contact based atomic force microscopy (AFM) approaches have been extensively utilized to explore various nanoscale surface properties. In most AFM-based …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Spin Seebeck effect and thermoelectric phenomena in superconducting hybrids with magnetic textures or spin-orbit coupling

 
 

Marianne Etzelmüller Bathen, Jacob Linder

 
 

We theoretically consider the spin Seebeck effect, the charge Seebeck coefficient, and the thermoelectric figure of merit in superconducting hybrid structures including either …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Macroscopic liquid-state molecular hydrodynamics

 
 

R. G. Keanini, Peter T. Tkacik, Eric Fleischhauer et al.

 
 

Experimental evidence and theoretical modeling suggest that piles of confined, high-restitution grains, subject to low-amplitude vibration, can serve as experimentally-accessible …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Genetic algorithm for the optimization of features and neural networks in ECG signals classification

 
 

Hongqiang Li, Danyang Yuan, Xiangdong Ma et al.

 
 

Feature extraction and classification of electrocardiogram (ECG) signals are necessary for the automatic diagnosis of cardiac diseases. In this study, a novel method based on …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Global solar wind variations over the last four centuries

 
 

M. J. Owens, M. Lockwood, P. Riley

 
 

The most recent “grand minimum” of solar activity, the Maunder minimum (MM, 1650–1710), is of great interest both for understanding the solar dynamo and providing insight into …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Single α-particle irradiation permits real-time visualization of RNF8 accumulation at DNA damaged sites

 
 

Giovanna Muggiolu, Michal Pomorski, Gérard Claverie et al.

 
 

As well as being a significant source of environmental radiation exposure, α-particles are increasingly considered for use in targeted radiation therapy. A better understanding …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Elevated-temperature-induced acceleration of PACT clearing process of mouse brain tissue

 
 

Tingting Yu, Yisong Qi, Jingtan Zhu et al.

 
 

Tissue optical clearing technique shows a great potential for neural imaging with high resolution, especially for connectomics in brain. The passive clarity technique (PACT) is a …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Hybrid Photonic Cavity with Metal-Organic Framework Coatings for the Ultra-Sensitive Detection of Volatile Organic Compounds with High Immunity to Humidity

 
 

Jifang Tao, Xuerui Wang, Tao Sun et al.

 
 

Detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) at parts-per-billion (ppb) level is one of the most challenging tasks for miniature gas sensors because of the high requirement on …

 
 
 
 
 
 

The β and γ subunits play distinct functional roles in the α2βγ heterotetramer of human NAD-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase

 
 

Tengfei Ma, Yingjie Peng, Wei Huang et al.

 
 

Human NAD-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase existing as the α2βγ heterotetramer, catalyzes the decarboxylation of isocitrate into α-ketoglutarate in the Krebs cycle, and is …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Comparative analysis of image classification methods for automatic diagnosis of ophthalmic images

 
 

Liming Wang, Kai Zhang, Xiyang Liu et al.

 
 

There are many image classification methods, but it remains unclear which methods are most helpful for analyzing and intelligently identifying ophthalmic images. We select …

 
 
 
 
 
 

Synchrotron-based X-ray fluorescence microscopy enables multiscale spatial visualization of ions involved in fungal lignocellulose deconstruction

 
 

Grant Kirker, Sam Zelinka, Sophie-Charlotte Gleber et al.

 
 

The role of ions in the fungal decay process of lignocellulose biomaterials, and more broadly fungal metabolism, has implications for diverse research disciplines ranging from …

 
 
 
 
 
 
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